In Sjögren’s, Plaquenil is used to treat many symptoms of Sjögren’s including fatigue, joint symptoms of arthritis and arthralgias (joint pain), dry mouth and dry eyes. Similar to its use in systemic lupus erythematosus, many clinicians feel that it is useful in reducing general Sjögren’s “disease activity.” One of the reasons that physicians feel comfortable in prescribing Plaquenil is its low risk to benefit ratio. Plaquenil side effects eye tests Plaquenil rheumatoid arthritis review Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Nov 01, 2015 SHIRI SHULMAN, MD. H ydroxychloroquine HCQ; Plaquenil, Sanofi, Bridgewater, NJ is an antimalarial agent that is also commonly used as a treatment for a variety of rheumatologic and dermatologic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. The most common side effect associated with its use is retinal toxicity. A subtle case of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy spectral domain optical coherence tomography findings Skip to main content Thank you for visiting As with any medication, allergic reactions including skin rashes and non-allergic reactions can occur. This means that the side effects of Plaquenil are mild and infrequent compared with its potential benefits. Oct findings with plaquenil toxicity Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy A review of imaging, Retinal Physician - Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An Update. Plaquenil leg crampsDoes hydroxychloroquine affect immune system Dence of hydroxychloroquine maculopathy. Table. Clinical, High-Speed Ultra–High-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography, and Multifocal Electroretinogram Findings From Patients Receiving Hydroxychloroquine Patient No./ Age, y Hydroxychloroquine Dosage, mg/d Diagnosis Treatment, y Symptoms Visual Acuity, OD, OS Color Vision Visual Fields mfERG. CLINICAL SCIENCES High-Speed Ultra. - oct-. A subtle case of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy spectral.. Retinal Physician - Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy An.. Dosage levels that can cause toxicity 6.5 mg/kg Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil19 3 mg/kg Chloroquine Arlen With Plaquenil Plaquenil is manufactured in only a 200 mg tablet The typical dosage is either 200 or 400 mg per day 200 mg daily puts anyone under 68 pounds at risk1 The estimated risk of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy in patients on chronic hydroxychloroquine therapy ranges from 0.4% to 8.0%. 1 Toxicity is thought to be dependent on cumulative total dose. 3 Additional factors that can precipitate early toxicity are concomitant renal disease and use of tamoxifen. 3 Figure 1. Of course the aim is avoid drug related retinal toxicity, which on ophthalmic examination, appears as the classic Bull’s eye change affecting the macula. Once retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine occurs, it is thought that the retinal changes are permanent and the disease can progress even if hydroxychloroquine is stopped for 1 to 3 years.