Several drugs that initially were used to prevent or treat malaria are now also used for treating lupus including quinacrine, chloroquine, and hydroxychlorquine. These drugs treat lupus symptoms by mildly suppressing the immune system, which reduces inflammation throughout the body. Chloroquine treatment of amoebic liver abscess Stop taking plaquenil What to use when plaquenil and sulfasalazine doesn't work Hydroxychloroquine retina Chloroquine phosphate and hydroxychloroquine sulfate are substituted 4-amino quinoline compounds that differ only by a hydroxy group. Quinacrine hydrochloride also has the 4-amino quinoline radical but has, in addition, a benzene ring; it is classified as an acridine compound. The 4-amino quinoline. Today’s AMs are hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil®, chloroquine Aralen®, and quinacrine Atabrine®. Quinacrine is no longer marketed in the U. S.; it can be dispensed by a compounding pharmacy, although insurance companies may not pay for it. The antimalarial quinine was first used to treat cutaneous lupus in 1834. Capillary electrophoresis CE methods for chiral resolution of five antimalarial drugs primaquine, tafenoquine, mefloquine, chloroquine and quinacrine were developed by using a wide selection of neutral and anionic cyclodextrin CD derivatives. It may be related to an inability to clear damaged cells from the body, which causes excessive stimulation of the immune system. While the exact cause of lupus is not known, it is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Quinacrine chloroquine antimalarial Influence of quinacrine and chloroquine on the in vitro 3′-azido-3., Drug spotlight on hydroxychloroquine Lupus Foundation of. Plaquenil and motrinPlaquenil eye problemsSickle cell disease guidelines hydroxychloroquineWhat is chloroquine used forOct chloroquine toxicity The antimalarials most often prescribed to people with lupus are Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil® Chloroquine Aralen® Quinacrine Atabrine® 2-3; Hydroxychloroquine is prescribed the most often because it is thought to have the fewest side effects. Chloroquine and quinacrine are prescribed when hydroxychloroquine cannot be used. Antimalarials. Enantiomeric separation of antimalarial drugs by capillary.. Chloroquine - Wikipedia. The effects of antimalarial drugs on the intracellular signaling leading to activation of the phospholipase C and phospholipase A 2 pathways and the induction of proinflammatory cytokines have been studied in mouse macrophages. 2. Both chloroquine and quinacrine, and to a lesser extent hydroxychloroquine, inhibited arachidonate release and eicosanoid formation induced by phorbol diester. The drugs quinacrine, chloroquine, and hydroxychloroquine were all developed as antimalarials but found new applications in treating chronic conditions. The conditions that benefit most from these drugs are those that involve inflammatory processes such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. A severe eye problem has happened with chloroquine. This may lead to lasting eyesight problems. The risk may be higher if you have some types of eye or kidney problems. The risk may also be higher with some doses of chloroquine, if you use chloroquine for longer than 5 years, or if you take certain other drugs like tamoxifen.